am writing this article to educate our community in
practicing the most basic prayer that each one of
us is duty-bound to recite everyday in a way prescribed
as per our religion. Padyab is one of the basic purificatory
ritual (Padyab, Nahn, Barshnum, Riman) that we, Zarathustris
are 'directed' to practice before performing Kusti
prayer. My dear Zarathustris, Kusti prayer is not
some ordinary composition or something that is imposed
upon us or given to show our identity. Sudreh&
Kusti are the divine tools (Alaats) bestowed upon
us by our Prophet Paigambar Saheb Asho Zarathsutra
Spitama to help us lead the spiritual life in this
drujih-filled world influenced by GanaMino. In this
article, I will restrict the contents to the Tarikats
related to Padyab-Kusti and, leave all spiritual aspects
attached to Sudreh & Kusti and Urvaan for a separate
article on those issues.
is a common sight to watch a Zarathustri initiating
Kusti prayer with Kem na Mazda and releasing Kusti
at the same time without even realizing the previous
processes and Tarikats that one need to follow to
make this powerful prayer effective for ones Urvaan
and the surrounding environment. Before doing Padyab
Kusti, one has to observe certain restrictions for
himself/ herself as well as for the surroundings.
The following conditions are the prerequisites of
doing Kusti and reciting any prayers subsequently.:-
Ashoi. Take shower and wear clean, decent clothes
(preferably white). Wear Parsee cap covering half
of your forehead i.e. to say, cover your hair from
the front. No fashions or makeup's please. Ladies,
cover your head with scarf (folded double) or use
Sari Palloo but you must have your head covered under
it with "Mathubanu" of scarf. If you are hair-style
conscious, do your styling after performing your religious
duty in morning.
your Kusti every morning and put on clean Sudreh everyday
with clean clothes.
proper clothing i.e. to say, cover maximum amount
of body with the appropriate clothing. No short pants
or indecent exposure should be practiced. You are
about to enter a spiritual exercise. Please respect
our holy Manthras and the environment that is required
to make effective presentation for your Urvaan. Maximum
exposure of body is an invitation to Drujih in the
surrounding atmosphere to find its resting place.
leather slippers even if you are going to perform
Kusti on the carpet or cushioned flooring. Your feet
should be covered while reciting prayers. This is
a form of Paiwand with Khordad Ameshspand; a Paiwand
that is maintained with Ashoi. (Following para on
Padyab Ritual will exlain its details).
sure that the place where you are going to recite
Kusti is clean, unpolluted by any waste matter or
clothing . Never do Kusti in Bathroom / Restroom.
a place near Divo or Sun (during day time) and, Divo
or South direction during Aevishuthrem & Ushehn
Geh. Never face an electric light.
sure, there are no non-Zarathustris present or around
while you are learning from prayer cassette, somebody
is personally teaching you or while doing Kusti for
Farzyat and other prayers. Make sure there are no
distraction-generating objects present. I am referring
to phone calls, door bell, or even house members talking
ever talk or move from the place while reciting prayer.
above prerequisites helps oneself to bring effectiveness
to Avesta Manthras that are composed for Zarathustri
Soul and its divine composition which affects our inside
and outside environment.
and Taro are the two most important ingredients of practicing
Ashoi in this Drujih-filled world. By the way, TARO
is the unconsecrated form of Bull's Urine, which we
APPLY ON BODY ONLY whereas, NIRANG is a consecrated
form of bull's Urine that WE DRINK during Nahn ceremony.
One can apply Taro to the exposed parts of the body
while doing morning prayers (Shekashte Shekashte Shaitaan
Nirang) or Kusti. In olden days when our society had
access to the natural source of water, people used well
(Kuvo) water for any prayer or ritual to maintain purity
of this important Alaat in bringing out efficacy of
Avesta Manthras. Today, we have tap water available
everywhere. Not everyone of us in the metropolitan cities
and western countries can access water straight from
earthly source (well) to practice prayers. However,
whatever is available that meets the Ashoi criteria,
is appropriate to use. The only precaution one should
take is the quality of water and its source. Where there
is no water available, our religion also prescribes
using dry sand as a cleansing / purifying agent. Now,
lets learn something about Padyab Kusti and how one
can practice it in daily life. Remember before doing
any of the following steps, make sure you have observed
proper dress code and have established environmental
restrictions as stated above.
or access clean water and recite Kshnothra Ahureh
Mazdao, Ashem Vohu-1. If you are having water in a
jar, hold it with Paiwand or a clean cloth and first
splash on the face and eyes to clear Drujih around
it (Vanthvo-Frado) and then, wash your hands (exposed
parts) until the finger tips. If male, first wash
right hand followed by the left hand and, if female,
wash left hand followed by the right hand.
gargle three times (a Barshnoom Mobed cannot swallow
a single drop), and wash all exposed parts of the
face three times with water.
If male, wash right feet first followed by the left
one whereas, for female, left feet followed by the
your face and hands with a clean cloth. Do not use
bath or kitchen towel please. Assume that we have
followed the above steps to preserve the purity of
our Aipi and gain a portion of Khoreh surrounding
us. Here, if we use dirty used cloth to wipe-off the
clean portions, this entire Padyab ritual is considered
meaningless and ineffective.
not touch or talk to anyone or anything after this
step; proceed towards the place where you are going
to recite Kusti prayers. This ends Padyab Ritual.
following steps will show you how, what, and when do
you tie Kusti on your waist.
hold your Kusti with both hands from the center and
fix your thumb over the belly-button (taking Paiwand)
recite the entire Kem na Mazda Prayer. Unless and
until you have finished this prayer you should not
release your hands from the Kusti. If you are doing
Kusti after bath, do not recite Kemna Mazda prayer.
Start from Ahura-Mazda Khodai.
release the Kusti. Hold the center in the left hand
and a feet away from it in the right hand. Hold it
at your chest level. NEVER EVER MAKE ANY KNOT
in the middle of the Kusti to hold its center or because
it is too long. Don't even fix a loop on the side
after tying it on the waist. Buy the correct size
of Kusti. No excuses or compromises are permitted.
Please don't make your own rules in practicing this
simple prayer and, duty towards your own soul. Because
by doing so you are taking away the effects of Kusti
around your waist (a 'Karsh' or a spiritual circuit
around your body to protect you & your spiritual
elements inside your body from outside Drujih and
Aherimanic elements) and your surrounding atmosphere.
The only knots that you are allowed to make is that
in front & back total of four knots by reciting
Avesta Manthras and by following a particular trend
in tying on your waist on certain words. THAT'S
WHAT MAKES IT MEANINGFUL.
you recite Ahura Mazda Khodai, Kshnothra Ahureh Mazdao,
bow your forehead to touch Kusti in respect. Do not
raise it to your forehead.
you recite words Ahereman Avadeshan, Az Hama Guna.,
Az Aan Guna ., whip your Kusti on the side. This act
signifies taking out all evil and Drujih from your
reciting word "Manashni", make one loop on the right
side holding the center. Then make two more loops
on the left side by reciting "Gavashne" and "Kunashni."
you say word "Angareh Manyeush", release all three
loops on the side (with an act of throwing at something)
and tie on your waist while reciting word "Haithyavarshtam".
In two Yatha Ahu Vairyo, drop the ends in loop ONLY
while saying word "Shyothnanaam".
you recite one Ashem Vohu for the back knots, release
the first end with your right hand in the loop ONLY
when you recite word "Ushta" followed by the second
knot and rest of the prayer which completes Ahura
Mazda Khodai prayer.
both knots ONLY on the flat portion of the Kusti.
If you could not tie on the flat surface, it is the
time for you to get a new longer Kusti.
the Kusti with both hands as you did earlier while
reciting Kemna Mazda with your thumb on your belly-button.
Recite entire Jasa me Avangeh Mazda. This ends your
hope these Tarikats have made some of you aware of the
correct way to do Kusti everyday.
summary, recite Kusti prayer as many times in a day
as you can. Do not miss your Farzyat prayers. Never
practice prayers in the presence of non-Zarathustris
and Zarathustris married outside. Wash your Kusti everyday.
Put on clean clothes and Sudreh everyday. Do not grow
long nails; it is not only dangerous for your health
but also destroys the specific composition of Kusti
threading while releasing front and back knots. Even
if a single thread is separated from the rest, the entire
Kusti is meaningless. Females, please wear proper Sudreh
of nine parts. Sudreh without Girdo and two sleeve's
automatically disqualifies you to gain from three missing
spiritual counterparts in Sudreh. There is no value
of wearing such a Sudreh. Nowadays, sleeveless Sudreh
is a fashion. Recite prayers while you are attending
Jashan or any religious rituals and ceremonies. My dear
Zarathustris, Sudreh & Kusti has much more to share
with your material and spiritual life than you could
ever imagine. Respect these golden Alaats of Zarathustri
religion and make it work for your Urvaan's progression.
Zamyat Yatha Afrinami
(Dr.) Hoshang J. Bhadha